Lip valley Flutes

Lip valley flutes are one of the most difficult to play as the player has to ensure proper placement of the chin and the lower lip for air to pass through the instrument. To producesound, the player closes the top end of the flute with the flesh between his chin and lower lip, and blows a stream of air downward, along the axis of the pipe, over an elliptical notch cut into the end.  Some flutes have a tongue-like protrusion at the top of the flute while others simply have a small notch at the edge.

Instrument Distribution*

Northern Luzon

Kalinga – “palendag”

Central Luzon

Ayta – “bangsi”


Bagobo – “palendag”

B’laan – “falandag”

Maguindanaon – “palendag”

Mamanua – “palendag, polundag”

Manobo – “palundag, palundag”

Mansaka – “pulalu”

Subanen – “tulale”

Tiruray – “falendag”

*from Maceda, J. 1998.  Gongs and Bamboos.  Diliman:  University of the Philippines, Press.

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